About jukka aakula

Interested in web services, evolution, antropology, evolutionary psychology, economics, religion, history

Public Notes


Recent Activity

  • jukka shared from Democracy for Realists: Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Government (Princeton Studies in Political Behavior) by Christopher H. Achen, Larry M. Bartels
    average rating of pre-reform presidents since World War II (Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, and Richard Nixon) on a 40-point summary scale combining the judgments of numerous historians and other experts is 25.6. The average rating of post-reform presidents (Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton) is 19.7. Including Gerald Ford (who won a primary-dominated nomination in 1976, but as an unelected incumbent) in the post-reform group would lower its average rating, increasing the disparity between the two groups. Early ratings of George W....
    Note: onko Suomessa tieteellisesti arvioitu kansanvaalin vaikutusta esim. presidenttien tasoon.
  • jukka shared from Democracy for Realists: Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Government (Princeton Studies in Political Behavior) by Christopher H. Achen, Larry M. Bartels
    How has greater popular influence in the presidential nominating process affected the quality of the candidates selected? We know of no authoritative answer to that question. However, historians’ ratings of presidents suggest that the quality of winning candidates has not improved—and has probably declined—with the advent of a more “open” system in the 1970s.11 The average quality of presidents was distinctly lower in the first quarter century following reform (from Jimmy Carter through Bill Clinton) than in the preceding quarter century; and early assessments of George W. Bush and Barack...
    Note: Suomessa ihmetellaan USAn presid.hdokkaita. Myos meilla presidenttien laatu laskenut #kansanvaali
  • jukka shared from Democracy for Realists: Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Government (Princeton Studies in Political Behavior) by Christopher H. Achen, Larry M. Bartels
    “The people are never corrupted,” said Rousseau, “but sometimes deceived.”
    Note: one classic and well put untruth by great thinker
  • jukka shared from The Moral Economy: Why Good Incentives Are No Substitute for Good Citizens (Castle Lectures Series) by Samuel Bowles
    Spinoza opened his Tractatus Politicus with: “No men are . . . less fit to govern . . . than theorists or philosophers . . . [who] sing the praises of a human nature nowhere to be found, [who] . . . rail at the sort which actually exist [and] conceive of men not as they are but as they would like them to be.”32 A generation after Spinoza, Mandeville introduced his Fable with virtually identical language.
    Note: Spinozas`` words on who should not govern
  • jukka shared from The Happiness Hypothesis: Putting Ancient Wisdom to the Test of Modern Science by Jonathan Haidt
    Singer’s clear and compelling arguments convinced me on the spot, and since that day I have been morally opposed to all forms of factory farming. Morally opposed, but not behaviorally opposed. I love the taste of meat, and the only thing that changed in the first six months after reading Singer is that I thought about my hypocrisy each time I ordered a hamburger.
    Note: Esimerkki Haidtin ihanan rehellisesta tyylista. Miten miraalifilosofian lukemien muuttaa ihmista.
(Helsinki, Finland)
jukka aakula