About jukka aakula

Interested in web services, evolution, antropology, evolutionary psychology, economics, religion, history

Public Notes


Recent Activity

  • jukka shared from The Moral Economy: Why Good Incentives Are No Substitute for Good Citizens (Castle Lectures Series) by Samuel Bowles
    Spinoza opened his Tractatus Politicus with: “No men are . . . less fit to govern . . . than theorists or philosophers . . . [who] sing the praises of a human nature nowhere to be found, [who] . . . rail at the sort which actually exist [and] conceive of men not as they are but as they would like them to be.”32 A generation after Spinoza, Mandeville introduced his Fable with virtually identical language.
    Note: Spinozas`` words on who should not govern
  • jukka shared from The Happiness Hypothesis: Putting Ancient Wisdom to the Test of Modern Science by Jonathan Haidt
    Singer’s clear and compelling arguments convinced me on the spot, and since that day I have been morally opposed to all forms of factory farming. Morally opposed, but not behaviorally opposed. I love the taste of meat, and the only thing that changed in the first six months after reading Singer is that I thought about my hypocrisy each time I ordered a hamburger.
    Note: Esimerkki Haidtin ihanan rehellisesta tyylista. Miten miraalifilosofian lukemien muuttaa ihmista.
  • jukka shared from The Happiness Hypothesis: Putting Ancient Wisdom to the Test of Modern Science by Jonathan Haidt
    Twin studies generally show that from 50 percent to 80 percent of all the variance among people in their average levels of happiness can be explained by differences in their genes rather than in their life experiences.28 (Particular episodes of joy or depression, however, must usually be understood by looking at how life events interact with a person’s emotional predisposition.) A person’s average or typical level of happiness is that person’s “affective style.” (“Affect” refers to the felt or experienced part of emotion.) Your affective style reflects the everyday balance of power...
    Note: onnellisuuden periytyvyys (geneettinen) 50-80.
  • jukka shared from Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth by Peter Turchin
    A different perspective, one rooted in the new discipline of Cultural Evolution, disagrees. Yes, agriculture is a necessary condition for the evolution of complex societies. But it is not enough. The problem is that vital institutions, such as bureaucracies and organized religion, and constraints that compel a ruling elite to promote the common good, are all costly. How could these institutions come about in spite of such costs? The theory of cultural multilevel selection says that this evolution is only possible when societies compete against each other, so that those lacking the right institutions...
    Note: simple as that. how cultural evolution happens
  • jukka shared from The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter by Joseph Henrich
    Because most Neanderthal groups possess a toolkit substantially less complex than the more modern-looking African intruders (our ancestors), the assumption has often been that Neanderthals suffered some innate cognitive deficits relative to the African immigrants. This has been argued consistently, despite the fact that Neanderthal brains were as big, or bigger, than our brains.17 In primates, the strongest predictor of cognitive abilities across species is overall brain size.18 Consequently, it’s not implausible that we were dumber than the bigger-brained Neanderthals. Researchers, however,...
    Note: Neandertals has bigger brains but were less socially interconnected. Had smaller collective brains
(Helsinki, Finland)
jukka aakula