recently, the Internet, you’ll see a similar pattern. In all these cases, the early days of the business are characterized by a profusion of alternatives, many of them dramatically different from each other in design and technology. As time passes, the market winnows out the winners and losers, effectively choosing which technologies will flourish and which will disappear. Most of the companies fail, going bankrupt or getting acquired by other firms. At the end of the day, a few players are left standing and in control of most of the market.
Note: perhaps an interesting point to make . . .when working to solve problems there will always be a mind boggling rangr of options to choose from at first that can be winnowed down until only the best options remain . . .it might be fun to start this section with a bit on what we can learn about problem solving from the development of the automobile.
It does, in two ways. Diversity helps because it actually adds perspectives that would otherwise be absent and because it takes away, or at least weakens, some of the destructive characteristics of group decision making. Fostering diversity is actually more important in small groups and in formal organizations than in the
Note: i think it is important to stress that groups brainstorming solutions must generate as many possibilities as possible and then kill off the ideas that make the least sense. i think this is emphasized in my handouts too.
organizations than in the kinds of larger collectives—like markets or electorates—that we’ve already talked about
Note: presentation . . .this is a good point for plug us in presentations and an advertisement for twitter plns . . .letting more ideas from a larger percentage of people in to your network means you are more likely to be exposed to a range of perspectives on the issue you are studying sure it means that bizarre ideas will come across your path but those can be weeded out . . .which on wikis happens during the editing and review process.
50 percent, meaning that experts are as likely to disagree as to agree. More disconcertingly, one study found that the internal consistency of medical pathologists’ judgments was just 0.5, meaning that a pathologist presented with the same evidence would, half the time, offer a different opinion. Experts are also surprisingly
Note: presentation . . .this is an interesting point to make . . .experts often disagee with themselves with each other and they are poor judges of when their ideas are flawed . . .what implications does that have for the traditional professional development that we still do in schools.