first undisputed peopling of the Americas, the end of the Pleistocene Era and last Ice Age, and the start of what geologists term the Recent Era.
Our closest living relatives are three surviving species of great ape: the gorilla, the common chimpanzee, and the pygmy chimpanzee (also known as bonobo).
Australopithecus africanus, Homo habilis, and Homo erectus,
Java “man” fossils—of course, they may actually have belonged to a Java woman—have