My first big achievement was to write the pillar of the Muslim faith: La Ilahe Illallah, or, “There is no god but God.”
Note: why does he celebrate this and not the shahada? just seems a curious absence.
“There is no god,” his credo declared, “but Allah.” That Arabic term was simply a derivative of the word al-Ilah, which meant “the God.”3
Note: which is to share a root with the hebrew Elohim
And that monotheist continuum was precisely what the Qur’an was proudly acknowledging. “We have sent down the book to you with truth,” God said in it to Muhammad, “confirming and conserving the previous books.”20 Those “previous books” were the Jewish and Christian scriptures, and the Qur’an was just claiming to continue the same Abrahamic tradition—
Note: what Christian scripture is confirmed?
But, in the Charter of Medina, the umma consisted of people from different faiths who had formed a political community with joint interests. What this meant, according to a Western scholar, is that “Muhammad’s original Medina ‘community’ was a purely secular one.”38 The religious pluralism in the charter was probably a result of custom rather than an innovation by the Prophet. However, if the Prophet’s political mission will be seen as normative for Muslims, the pluralist and even the “secular” nature of the charter cannot be overlooked.
Note: interesting point if the political organization going back to the charter of Medina is secular pretty difiicult to refute.