“All our life, so far as it has definite form, is but a mass of habits,” William James wrote in 1892.
of the choices we make each day may feel like the products of well-considered decision making, but they’re not. They’re habits.
One paper published by a Duke University researcher in 2006 found that more than 40 percent of the actions people performed each day weren’t actual decisions, but habits.3
army major who had analyzed videotapes of recent riots and had identified a pattern: Violence was usually preceded by a crowd of Iraqis gathering in a plaza or other open space and, over the course of several hours, growing in size. Food vendors would show up, as well as spectators. Then, someone would throw a rock or a bottle and all hell would break loose. When